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Etats-Unis : Entre 1999 et 2014, une explosion des addictions

le 18 janvier 2017

[Ken Flerlage] Le problème de la drogue aux États-Unis a atteint des proportions épidémiques ces dernières années, conduit par la facilité d'accès et le faible coût de l'héroïne et d'autres opioïdes. Présentation de cartographies. (article en anglais)

The drug problem in the United States has reach epidemic proportions in recent years, led by the ease of access and low cost of heroin and other opioids. In 2014 alone, over 47,000 people died from drug-related causes. In 2013, it was the ninth ranked cause of death (http://www.drugwarfacts.org/cms/Causes_of_Death#sthash.CzcT5d1w.dpbs ).
CDC DataEach year, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) compiles—and makes public—data on the number of drug poisoning deaths in the United States, breaking that information down by state and county. These data sets include the crude death rate and a calculated age-adjusted death rate (both measured as the number of deaths per 100,000 people in the U.S population). The CDC’s 2014 National Vital Statistics Report (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr65/nvsr65_04.pdf ) explains these measures:
Age-adjusted death rates are constructs that show what the level of mortality would be if no changes occurred in the age composition of the population from year to year….Thus, age-adjusted death rates are better indicators than unadjusted (crude) death rates for examining changes in the risk of death over a period of time when the age distribution of the population is changing. Age-adjusted death rates also are better indicators of relative risk when comparing mortality across geographic areas or between sex or race subgroups of the population that have different age distributions.The CDC provides three data sets which includes data from 1999 to 2014:

  1. County – Age-adjusted rates for each county.
  2. State – Crude rates, age-adjusted rates, and numerous other metrics for each State.
  3. Country – Crude rates, age-adjusted rates, and numerous other metrics for the United States, broken down by gender, race, and age.

Source Ken Flerlage